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Fundamentals of Achalasia Cardia
About ‘Achalasia Cardia’
To help you understand the basics, we will start off, with what your esophagus actually does. Esophagus is a narrow tube that starts from your throat and helps carry the food consumed via the mouth, to the stomach. Achalasia is a serious condition that affects your esophagus. At the lower end of esophagus is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a valve that opens everytime you swallow and lets the food from lower end of esophagus to enter the stomach and closes off once the food is in the stomach. In patients diagnosed with an Achalasia Cardia, what happens is, this LES fails to open up, while you eat your food. And this can invariably lead to a serious damage, in the sense, there is difficulty in swallowing and accumulation of food, within your esophagus. This particular condition is generally attributed to two major reasons.
The above explanation clearly defines the meaning of the disorder namely ‘Achalasia Cardia’.
Causes for Achalasia Cardia
There are several reasons as to why people are diagnosed with the esophageal malfunction. These are
Symptoms of Achalasia
The symptoms associated with Achalasia Cardia are as follows
Diagnosis of an Achalasia Cardia
Physical examination and laboratory tests do not provide any clue about the disease
Your doctor prescribes oral medications as the first line of treatment. These include
Esophagomyotomy was traditionally performed through the open surgical approach.Laparoscopic esophagomyotomy is the gold standard with short hsopitalisation, recovery time and excellent outcomes.
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